Jalapeno Pepper Seeds
Growing jalapenos from jalapeno seeds can be a fun and rewarding experience for gardeners. Jalapenos are a medium-sized chili pepper, usually measuring 2 to 4 inches long. They have thick, dark green skin that turns red when fully ripe. The heat level of jalapenos can range from 2,500 to 8,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHU), making them moderately spicy compared to other chili peppers. Jalapenos are rich in vitamins A and C and contain capsaicin, the compound responsible for their spiciness.
Growing Jalapenos from Jalapeno Seeds
Here’s a step-by-step guide to cultivating jalapenos in your garden:
- Start jalapeno seeds indoors: Sow jalapeno seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before the last expected frost date. Plant the seeds 1/4 inch deep in seed-starting trays or small pots filled with a well-draining seed-starting mix. Keep the soil consistently moist and maintain a temperature of 70-85°F (21-29°C) to encourage germination, which typically takes 7-21 days.
- Transplant seedlings: Once the jalapeno seedlings have developed at least two sets of true leaves and the outdoor temperature is consistently above 60°F (16°C) at night, they can be transplanted into the garden. Harden off the seedlings by gradually exposing them to outdoor conditions for a week before transplanting.
- Choose the right location: Jalapenos thrive in full sun, so choose a location in your garden that receives at least 6-8 hours of sunlight daily. They prefer well-draining soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 6.8.
- Space the plants: Space the jalapeno plants 18-24 inches apart, giving them enough room to grow and ensure proper air circulation.
- Water and fertilize: Jalapenos require consistent moisture, so water the plants regularly, keeping the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Apply a balanced fertilizer every 4-6 weeks to support growth and fruit production.
Click here to read our comprehensive article on how to grow peppers.